Acne Treatment

  • by Brilliant Skin Australia
Acne Treatment

What Causes Acne?

Acne develops when sebum — an oily substance that lubricates your hair and skin — and dead skin cells plug hair follicles. Bacteria can trigger inflammation and infection resulting in more severe acne.


What are the 4 types of acne?

The last 4 types—papules, pustules, nodules, and cysts—are types of inflammatory acne that can be harder to treat.

  1. Whiteheads. In almost all cases, acne happens because the pores in your skin are clogged
  2. Blackheads
  3. Papules
  4. Pustules
  5. Nodules
  6. Cysts



In almost all cases, acne happens because the pores in your skin are clogged. Clogged pores can happen when there is too much oil, bacteria, or skin cell production, or as a result of hormonal changes.

Whiteheads, also known as closed comedones, happen when pores are clogged all the way through. The length of the pore and the head of the pore are closed, creating a little white bump on top of the skin. It’s important to note that whiteheads can’t be removed or fixed by squeezing them, so don’t try to pop them on your own. Otherwise you may end up with scarring.

These topical treatments can be applied to the whitehead itself or as an entire facial treatment. They help remove dead skin cells and excess oil, with benzoyl peroxide being the most effective option and sulfur being the mildest on your skin. Salicylic acid may help prevent non- inflammatory acne from returning in the future.

Topical retinoids which are derived from vitamin A, are also effective for treating noninflammatory acne. Examples include retinol (Retin-A). Retinoids help clear acne by unclogging pores that are full of oil and dead skin cells. The American Academy of Dermatology (considers retinoids to be “the core of topical therapy for acne.”



Unlike whiteheads, blackheads look black on the skin’s surface. They are known as open comedones because the head of the pore remains open, while the rest of the pore is clogged. Blackheads can be removed by squeezing, although that’s not recommended because it can cause scarring.

Treatment options for blackheads are the same as treatments for whiteheads. Try to avoid using pore strips to pull out blackheads. Pore strips are an abrasive, temporary fix that can damage the top layer of your skin, making acne worse.



Papules are small red bumps that form when oil or excess skin cells block a pore and mix with bacteria on your skin called Cutibacterium acnes or C. acnes (formerly Propionibacterium acnes). The contents of this blocked pore spill out, which allows the bacteria to escape into the surrounding skin tissue. The bacteria then create an inflamed lesion. Papules do not contain pus.

The OTC treatment benzoyl peroxide may still be effective for treating papules (and other forms of inflammatory acne) because of its antibacterial activity. Additionally, your dermatologist may prescribe a topical retinoid, antibiotics, or birth control pills (for women whose acne aligns with their menstrual cycle) to help combat inflammatory acne. Antibiotics may help get rid of C. acnes bacteria, and birth control pills can help reduce oil production by decreasing androgen levels. Androgens are male sex hormones, but they are found in both men and women. They can increase the production of oil on your skin.



Pustules are small, bulging bumps with a white center and red, inflamed skin surrounding them. They are usually found in clusters on the chest, face, or back. Pustules form when a blocked pore gets infected, but they can also be caused by hormonal changes in the body. They are similar to papules, except pustules contain yellowish fluid known as pus.

Popping pustules may cause the bacteria to spread, so don’t try to pop or squeeze them. Only your doctor can safely drain pustules.

The same OTC and prescription treatment options used for papules apply to pustules. Antibiotics are almost always recommended in order to get rid of the bacteria-filled pus.



Nodular acne consists of flesh-colored or red bumps that are deep under the skin’s surface. Nodular acne is usually a result of the C. acnes bacteria causing a painful infection deep within the pore.

Since OTC treatments work on the surface level of your skin, they aren’t as effective for nodular acne. A dermatologist can help you get rid of acne nodules with prescription-strength benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid, antibiotics, retinoids, or birth control pills (for women).

If medications don’t work, your doctor may drain the nodules by hand or use a laser or chemical peel, a process that removes the outer layer of skin.



Cystic acne is the most severe form of acne and is also the result of an infection deep within the skin. Acne cysts are large, red, inflamed, painful, and pus-filled. You may require multiple
medications in order to get rid of cystic acne.



Treatments work to clear away bacteria and dry up the excess oils that lead to acne. Different acne treatments include lifestyle remedies, topical medication, oral medication, and
medical procedures. The treatment that’s right for you depends on your individual condition. If you have mild to moderate acne, such as whiteheads or blackheads, your treatment should be relatively easy. However, if you have cystic or inflammatory acne, your treatment may be more challenging.


Cystic acne is one or more large, painful, red cysts under the surface of your skin. Your skin therapist can help you figure out what type of acne you have. Many people with mild acne or pimples can manage their condition with lifestyle changes. Oil is a major cause of acne, so

keeping your face clean and your hair away from it is important, especially if your hair tends to be greasy. Oils from your hair and face also build up on your bedding. Changing your pillowcase daily or weekly can help prevent this buildup.


Wash your face two to three times per day with lukewarm water and a gentle cleanser that’s not abrasive. Don’t scrub your skin too hard. This can aggravate your skin even more. Also, try not to use skin care products that can be irritating, such as scented lotions or oil-based
makeup. Choose moisturizers and sunscreens that are labeled “noncomedogenic.”
This means that the product won’t clog your pores.


However, Chemical peels and microdermabrasion is a professional method we are using in BSA clinics to remove the top layer of your skin. In the process, whiteheads and blackheads are also removed.

Blue light technology is also an additional option for treatment of acne. Blue light kills the acne-causing bacteria known as Propionbacterium acnes, or P acnes, which can cause inflammation.

acnes is sensetive to blue light. Using the blue light, eliminates the bacteria found in the oil glands in the skin. The added presence of infrared light (heat) in the home devise causes the oil glands to shrink in size. The result is less oil in the skin and less bacteria, leading to the resolution of acne in the treatment areas.


Acne Treatment Benefits?


  • Clear Skin
  • Hydrated Skin
  • Shinear Skin
  • Brighter Skin
  • Scarring Removal
  • Even Tone Skin
  • Pigmentation
  • Correction


Acne Treatment procedure?

Skin consultation and analysis is the first step in the procedure. Different type of treatments will be applied to skin depends on clients’ skin conditions.
Book your free consaultation with one of our friendly team member for more information.


After Acne Treatment ?

Give an acne treatment at least 4 weeks to work. Using a new product may seem useful, but that approach can worsen acne.

Acne treatment needs time to work. If a treatment works for you, you should notice some improvement in 4 to 6 weeks. However, It can take two to three months or longer to see clearing.

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  • Closed On Sunday
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  • 22/47 Neridah Street, Chatswood, NSW 2067
  • 02 8006 7073


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